It seems like everything runs on computers these days, and your vehicle is no exception. In fact, the average car today has 30 processors in it, with some luxury cars reaching 100.
A car’s computer is there to restrict certain controls, diagnose any problems, and keep the car running smoothly.
Luckily, there are ways to control and tune up your car through the computer that you may not know about. Want to learn how to program a car computer with a laptop? We thought so.
What Is a Car’s Computer?
The Engine Control Unit (ECU) is your vehicle’s onboard computer and is responsible for controlling several different functions, including the ignition timing, RPM power restrictions, turbocharger boost pressure, and fuel control.
The computer runs off of Read-Only Memory (ROM), instead of an operating system you would find in your laptop or smartphone. The difference is that it stores information and does not have any ability to prevent new information being stored in it or removed.
The ECU reacts to specific images that are inputted. These images are carefully set codes that tell the vehicle how to operate. So why would someone want to reprogram their ECU?
Why Program a Car Computer?
Programming your car’s ECU is known as flashing. Flashing or reflashing your ECU can unlock abilities in your vehicle that are limited by the manufacturer. Like any computer, the ECU has software with different settings, and these can be changed to alter the performance of a vehicle.
Flashing your ECU is a simple and affordable way to improve your car’s performance on your own. However, it will void your car’s warranty, so only do this if you own the vehicle. If you are making car payments, here are some great tips for paying off your loan early!
Not only that, most flashing software will help you run diagnostics on your vehicle. This is very helpful for catching problems early on and keeping your car healthy. Proper maintenance and consistent diligence can keep your car running forever.
Does This Work With All Cars?
In short, not all cars can be flashed. Your car has to be flashable in order for this to work. What does “flashable” mean? Well, any cars that use a ROM-based ECU are flashable.
Many popular cars are easily flashable, including most models from Mitsubishi, Subaru, and Saab. Shop here if you are looking for a used car to tune up. So how do we flash a car computer?
How To Program a Car Computer With a Laptop
The only items you will need to access and flash your ECU are a laptop, with more recent software than Windows XP, and OpenPort cables.
If you have decided you would like to access your ECU, here are some easy steps to program your car’s computer.
Download the Right Software
Software like EcuFlash from OpenECU is what you need for an easy flash. This is a free program that will give you access to the information stored in your car’s computer. This includes the ability to flash a new image onto the computer.
Connect Your Laptop to the OBD-II Port
If you do not know where your OBD-II port is, manufacturers make it easily accessible and can be found in a few spots. Check out a guide to the most common locations.
There are different OpenPort cables for different cars, and they are needed to connect to the ECU. Be sure that you have the right ones by searching for your make and model.
Once your laptop is connected to your vehicle, open EcuFlash and click on the folder image at the top of the screen. Search through the folder and choose the new image you wish to flash to your car’s ECU.
Click “Write to ECU”
Do not turn your engine on. Make sure your car’s ignition is set in the accessory position. Click “OK” and the image will be uploaded to your computer.
That is the main process for flashing a car’s computer, but how do you know what images to pick?
What Images Can I Choose From?
Depending on what you want to do to enhance your vehicle’s performance, you can find a lot of different images on EcuFlash. EcuFlash is easy to use and it will help you find the right images for the function you want to use.
This can all be done yourself, along with other DIY auto repairs, so you can choose whatever you want.
You can choose to clear codes that appear on your dashboard, which you should only do if the problem is fixed. Otherwise, the problem will continue to get worse without a reminder to take care of it.
If not, you can choose to expel your car’s limit for RPM power, making your car more powerful instantly. Note: This code helps your engine run at optimal levels, so do this with caution.
Read through the descriptions of each image, or search online for the proper images to use for what you need.
Regardless of your pick, make sure that you are being safe. If you alter the engine’s performance at all, take a test drive in an empty parking lot to get used to the way it runs before hitting the main roads.
Reflashing a vehicle can be an easy and affordable way to tune up your car. However, be smart, and be safe.
Now that you know how to program a car computer with a laptop, get started! Just remember that you should never do this on a car you are leasing or trading in, as it can be rejected.
Keep learning great ways to tune up your car and helpful car maintenance tips to keep that car in the best shape.