Cadillac had a resounding 1965, producing close to 200,000
cars. But it was a banner year for all Detroit, so that was only good for 11th place.
The "budget" Series 62, a fixture since 1940, was renamed Calais. Eldorado and the
Sixty Special were officially Fleetwoods, like Series 75, bearing the requisite
nameplates, wreath-and-crest medallions, broad rocker panel and rear-quarter
brightwork, and rectangular-pattern rear appliqués. A new Fleetwood Brougham
sedan, actually a Sixty Special trim option, offered a vinyl roof with rear-quarter
Another body change gave the '65s a longer, lower silhouette, with fins planed
absolutely flat, though a hint of them remained. Also new were a straight back bumper
and vertical lamp clusters. Up front, headlight pairs switched from horizontal to
vertical, thus permitting an even wider grille. Curved side windows appeared, and
pillared sedans returned in the Calais and DeVille series. Sixty Specials likewise
gained roof pillars, while six-window hardtop sedans were dropped. The Special also
reverted to its exclusive 3378mm wheelbase after
riding the standard 3289mm chassis for 1959-64.
Though Cadillac's V-8 was unchanged, the slightly lighter '65s offered the luxury
market's best power-to-weight ratio. "Dual driving range" Turbo Hydra-Matic and
full-perimeter frames (replacing the X-type used since '57) were adopted except for
75s, and all models came with a new "sonically balanced" exhaust system. Amazingly,
prices weren't far above what they'd been in '61.
I. D. NUMBERS
- Vehicle numbers were now located on the right or lefthand side of the forward frame crossmember
- The original engine serial number was the same as the vehicle identification number
- The first symbol was a letter (see Body Style Number suffixes) indicating series and body style
- The second symbol was a number designating the model year (i.e., "5" for 1965)
- The following six numbers designated the sequential production code and started with 100001 and up
- Body Style Numbers were revised to reflect a more rational arrangement of models
- The new five digit codes began with "68" except for the early Fleetwood Seventy-Five and early production of the Fleetwood Eldorado convertible which began with "69"
- The third number indicates the model
- "2" for Calais
- "3" for DeVille
- "4" for Eldorado
- "0" for Fleetwood 60 Special
- "7" for Fleetwood 75 Limousine
- The final two symbols corresponded to Fisher Body Division Style Number codes
- 23 = 4-dr luxury sedan
- 33 = 4-dr limo sedan
- 39 = 4-dr hardtop sedan
- 57 = 2-dr hardtop coupe
- 67 = 2-dr convertible
- 69 = 4-dr sedan
- 90 = commerical chassis
- The five digit numbers were found on the vehicle data plate, affixed to engine side of the firewall, and may have been followed by a letter suffix corresponding to those on the individual model charts
1965 Cadillac Notes
- Vinyl roofs for Coupe and Sedan DeVilles came in four different colors.
- A tilt telescope steering wheel option was highlighted this season.
- Cadillac offers automatic leveling suspension
- The Cadillac factory closed July 8, 1964 for the changeover to 1965 model production.
- This was 22 days earlier than usual, as a 471,000 square foot expansion of facilities was planned.
- The plant reopened August 24, when production of cars to 1965 specifications commenced.
- It was the longest plant shutdown in Cadillac history and the new manufacturing potential of 800 cars per day was an all-time high.
- The three millionth Cadillac was built this season and a new engineering center was dedicated.
- The Fleetwood Sixty Special Brougham was frequently referred to as a separate model.
- Harold G. Warner was general manager
- Charles F. Arnold was chief engineer until March
- Carl A. Rasmussen became chief engineer in March
- Stanley Parker was chief designer (Cadillac Studio)
- Fred H. Murray was general sales manager until September
- L. N. Mays became general sales manager in September
- Cadillac production figures
Calais34,211 (decreased 18,768)
Sedan de Ville60,535 (increased 6,234)
Coupe de Ville43,345 (increased 24,350)
de Ville convertible19,200 ()
Eldorado2,125 (increased 255)
Series 6018,100 (increased 3,550)
Series 753,919 (decreased 145)
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