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1934 Cadillac Model 355
The 1934 Cadillacs were completely restyled and mounted
on an entirely new chassis, but used the same basic engines as in 1933.
- Bodies on the Series 10 and 20 cars were built by Fisher.
- Bodies on the V-8 Fleetwood Series were shared with the twelves and sixteens.
- Styling emphasized streamlining including concealment of all chassis features
except the wheels
- Body construction was improved for better insulation against engine heat and
reduction of engine, road, and wind noise.
- Bumpers were a stylish but ineffective biplane design, mounted against
- The grill was Vee shaped and sloping, set into a painted shell.
- Although restricted use of chrome was a feature of the overall ornamentation,
a chrome plated radiator shell was available as an option.
- Horns and radiator filler cap were concealed under the hood.
- Teardrop Guide Multibeam headlights were mounted on streamlined supports
attached to the fenders.
- Parking lamps were mounted in the headlight supports.
- Airfoil shaped front fenders were brought low over the chassis.
- The hood sills were high, with the entire fender shape molded into the
- A curious horizontal crease broke the nose contour of the fenders.
- Hoods extending nearly to the windshield carried shutter type louvers in the
- Windshields were fixed and steeply sloping; 18 degrees flat on Fisher bodies,
25 degrees flat or 29-1/2 degrees Vee on Fleetwood bodies.
- Cowl vents opened toward the windshield; one vent on flat windshield bodies,
two vents projecting through openings in the hood on Vee windshield bodies.
- Bodies were two inches lower than on previous models.
- Added passenger space in the front compartment was achieved by moving the hand
brake lever to the left of the driver, under the instrument panel.
- On twelves and sixteens, the gearshift lever was moved forward to the clutch
- Rear fenders were airfoil shaped and carried rear lights which matched the
- The gas tank filler on Fisher bodies was on the left side at the rear of the
body; on Fleetwood bodies in the left rear fender.
- All bodies featured a beaver tail rear deck which completely covered the
- On Fleetwood bodies, the spare was concealed inside the rear deck, unless
optional fender mounts were specified.
- Significant changes in chassis design resulted in improved riding and handling
plus decreased driver fatigue.
- The new independent "knee action" front suspension with coil springs and
center point steering resulted in greatly reduced unsprung weight.
- Front shocks were now an integral part of the suspension; the shock arm being
the upper suspension arm.
- An inverted steering box, mounted on the outside of the frame, was used on
Fleetwood bodied cars.
- Hotchkiss drive replaced the torque tube drive.
- Rear brakes were operated by pull rods and cables.
- A new frame of X design added to chassis strength and allowed for the
reduction in overall vehicle height.
- A stabilizer bar to control body roll in turns was added at the rear of the
- The brake and clutch pedal assembly was relocated from transmission to frame.
- Mufflers on Fleetwood bodied cars were relocated to the outside of the frame.
- In Fisher bodies, the battery was under the front seat, on the right side.
- In the Fleetwood bodies, the battery was under the right front fender and was
removed from underneath.
- Engine changes were few, but horsepower was increased.
- All engines used Lynite Aluminum pistons.
- Compression ratios were increased.
- Intake ducting to the carburetor air cleaner was extended to the radiator
casing, providing cold, dense air rather than the hot air in the engine
- The combination of Aluminum pistons, cold intake air, and higher compression
with improved fuels resulted in increased horsepower and engine speeds.
- Detail changes in the V-8 engine included a change to the Detroit Lubricator
Carburetor, use of dual valve springs, discontinuation of the oil filter, and
solenoid starter control with starter button on instrument panel.
- One V-8 engine change to be appreciated by anyone removing a cylinder head was
the change from head studs to cap screws.
- The change was actually made so that the heads could be turned before lifting,
so as to clear the hood shelf.
- Another change, not necessarily appreciated was the elimination of provision
for hand cranking.
I. D. DATA
- Serial numbers were on top surface of frame side bar, right side, of dash.
- Same as engine number.
- Starting no.: 3100001.
- Ending: 3108318 (with 1935).
- Engine numbers were stamped on crankcase near the water inlet on the side.
- Starting engine no.: 3100001.
- Ending: 3108318 (with 1935).
|Series 10 Fisher 128 in. wheelbase|
|34728||2-door||Sport Coupe||2/3||$2395||2068 kg||2,015|
|34718||2-door||Convertible Coupe||2/4||$2495||2052 kg|
|34721||4-door||Convertible Sedan||5||$2695||2159 kg|
|34722||2-door||Town Coupe||5||$2545||2105 kg|
|34702||4-door||Town Sedan||5||$2545||2152 kg|
|Series 20 Fisher 136 in. wheelbase|
|34678||2-door||Sport Coupe||2/3||$2595||2118 kg||2,729|
|34668||2-door||Convertible Coupe||2/4||$2695||2102 kg|
|34671||4-door||Convertible Sedan||5||$2895||2209 kg|
|34652||4-door||Town Sedan||5||$2745||2189 kg|
|34663||4-door||Imperial Sedan||7||$2995||2259 kg|
|Series Fleetwood (30) 146 in. wheelbase Vee windshield|
|Some listings show these as 56____ styles|
|5702||Roadster||2|| || |
|5712-C||Collapsible Town Cabriolet||5|| || |
|5712-LB||Town Cabriolet||5||$5495||2518 kg|
|5712-MB||Town Cabriolet||5|| || |
|5720||Town Cabriolet||7|| || |
|5720-C||Collapsible Town Cabriolet||7|| || |
|5725-B||Town Cabriolet||7|| || |
|5725-LB||Town Cabriolet||7||$5595||2568 kg|
|5725-MB||Town Cabriolet||7|| || |
|5730||Imperial Sedan||5|| || |
|5730-FL||Imperial Cabriolet||5||$4145||2500 kg|
|5730-FM||Imperial Brougham||5|| || |
|5733||Imperial Town Sedan||5|| || |
|5733-S||Town Sedan||5||$3795||2461 kg|
|5735||Convertible Coupe||2P||$4045||2325 kg|
|5757||Transformable||7|| || |
|5759||Sport Phaeton||5|| || |
|5775||Imperial Sedan (Limousine )||7||$4095||2536 kg|
|5775-B||Limousine||7|| || |
|5775-E||Imperial Sedan||7|| || |
|5775-FL||Imperial Cabriolet||7||$4295||2536 kg|
|5775 FM||Imperial Brougham||7|| || |
|5775-H4||Imperial Sedan||7|| || |
|5775-W||Limousine||7|| || |
|5780||Convertible Sedan with divider||5||$4295||2484 kg|
|5780-8||Convertible Sedan||5|| || |
|5780-S||Convertible Sedan||5|| || |
|5785||Collapsible Coupe||5||$4295||2461 kg|
|5788||Stat. Coupe||5|| || |
|5789-A||Victoria Coupe||4|| || |
|5791||Limousine Brougham||7||$5495||2536 kg|
|5791-B||Limousine Brougham||7|| || |
|5799||Aero. Coupe||5||$4295||2468 kg|
|Series Fleetwood (30) 146 in. wheelbase flat windshield|
|6030-B||Imperial Sedan||5|| || |
|6030-FL||Imperial Cabriolet||5||$3695||2500 kg|
|6030-FM||Imperial Brougham||5|| || |
|6033-S||Town Sedan||5||$3345||2461 kg|
|6035||Convertible Coupe||2|| || |
|6075||Imperial Sedan||7||$3645||2536 kg|
|6075-B||Limousine (spec. back)||7|| || |
|6075-D||Limousine||7|| || |
|6075-E||Limousine||7|| || |
|6075-FL||Imperial Cabriolet||7||$3845||2536 kg|
|6075-FM||Imperial Brougham||7|| || |
|6075-H3||Limousine||7|| || |
|6075-H4||Limousine||7|| || |
|6075-O||Imperial Sedan||7|| || |
- Some confusion exists regarding style numbers on 1934-35 Fleetwood bodies.
- Following the previous Fleetwood system, V-8's would be 56- or 60- styles,
V-12's would be 57- or 61- styles, and V-16's would be 58- or 60- styles.
- This system was followed in promotional literature, in the 1934 Master Parts List,
and in early factory records.
- However, since the bodies were identical for all these series, Fleetwood stamped
all body plates 57- or 60-.
- Master Parts Lists after 1934 used only 57- and 60- style numbers for
1934-35 Fleetwood bodies.
- Starting in 1936, V-8 and V-12 style numbers reflected the new 1936 series
designations, but V-16's retained the 57- system. However, 60- styles were
no longer offered.
|Type||Ninety degree L-head.|
|Crankcase||Cast iron block on aluminum crankcase|
|Bore & stroke||85.7mm x 125.4mm|
|Compression Ratio||6.25:1 std. 5.75:1 opt.|
|Brake Horsepower||120 hp @ 3000 rpm|
|Power||89.5 kW @ 3000 rpm|
|Carburetor||Detroit Lubricator, Model 51.|
|Feature||Series 10||Series 20||Series Fleetwood 30|
|Overall length||5226mm - 5271mm||5417mm - 5474mm||5780mm|
|Tires||7.00 x 17||7.00 x 17||7.00 x 17|
|Transmission||Selective synchro transmission.|
|Speeds||3 Forward 1 Reverse|
|Controls||Left hand drive, center control, emergency brake at left-under panel (rhd opt).|
|Clutch||Twin disc clutch.|
|Drive||Shaft drive, Hotchkiss.|
|Axle||3/4 floating rear axle|
|Drive Type||spiral bevel drive|
|Overall ratio||[Series 10, 20] 4.60:1 std, 4.36, 4.8:1 opt. [Series 30] 4.80:1 std, 4.60:1 opt.|
|Brakes||Mechanical brakes with vacuum assist on four wheels.|
|Wheel size||17 in. drop center.|
1934 Cadillac Notes
- Introduced: January, 1934.
- Model year production of V-8: 4744.
- Model year production of V-12: 683.
- Model year production of V-16: 60
- Cadillac introduces a controlled-current generator
- The president and general manager was Lawrence P. Fisher to May 31, 1934.
- Nicholas Dreystadt was general manager after June 1, 1934.
- Ernest W. Seaholm was chief engineer
- J. C. Chick was general sales manager